Elephant in Museum Natural History Washington DC
‘Henry” the 14-foot tall African elephant at the Museum Natural History Washington DC

Okay, let’s start by addressing the elephant in the room: the current ‘resident President’ is definitely not a reason why Henk and I would recommend a weekend getaway to Washington, D.C. However, the U.S. capital is a place that has always piqued my curiosity, and when we had a chance to visit after our recent trip to Northern Virginia, we took advantage of the opportunity. And I can honestly say that what we saw in the city more than made up for ‘who’ we (thankfully) didn’t! Here’s what we would recommend you see and do if you have a couple of days to visit Washington.

1. Visit the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History – for FREE

One of the best things about Washington DC is that the vast majority of their National Mall museums are absolutely free to visit! And they have some spectacular ones, starting with the National Museum of Natural History that houses over 145 million artefacts and specimens that include everything from the Hope Diamond to a rare twin-tusked narwhal skull.

Museum Natural History Washington DC
This swordfish skeleton looks prehistoric.

If you don’t have a lot of time, one of the best places to start is the Museum’s Objects of Wonder collection, a curated exhibit that showcases a cross-section of the Museum’s most interesting pieces. Here you’ll find everything from ‘Martha’, the last passenger pigeon, to the ‘Blue Flame’, a massive 250-pound lapis lazuli stone from Afghanistan. There’s also a Canadian link here, too, with the Tsimshian House Front, a complete decorative facade from an indigenous house in British Columbia.

See the Hope Diamond

Hope Diamond Museum Natural History Washington
The ‘cursed’ 45.52 carat Hope Diamond

If you love a little bling, be sure to check out the Hall of Geology, Gems and Minerals. It’s here that you can see the fabled Hope Diamond, a 45.52 carat rare blue diamond that was once owned by King Louis XIV. There are other famous and beautiful stones here as well, including a set of earrings worn by Marie Antoinette, and other brilliantly coloured gems like this 1000 carat aquamarine from Brazil.

Brazilian Aquamarine Museum Natural History Washington
A Brazilian aquamarine in the National Museum of Natural History’s Gem gallery

Find a Unicorn! (sort of)

There are fascinating creatures from the natural world, too. Don’t miss the new Narwhal exhibit, which includes a rare example of twin tusks from a female (the spiral tusk is actually a tooth and is almost always a single one on the left side). These rare whales are likely responsible for inspiring Unicorn legends, and the actual animals are just as fascinating.

Unicorn on an illuminated manuscript public domain
Unicorns were fabled creatures that may have been inspired by narwhal tusks found on shore.

For all the Jules Verne fans out there, the Sant Ocean Hall boasts its own ‘Kraken’, an actual giant squid. This is one of only a few very fragile specimens discovered worldwide. Carefully preserved in fluid it is displayed to its full length of almost 36 feet.

Giant squid Museum Natural History Washington
Giant squid *Photo courtesy Museum Natural History Washington

Say Hi to Henry

One of the most impressive exhibits at the Museum of Natural History is the Fénykovi Elephant, a 14-foot tall African elephant that has been installed in the Museum’s 3-story tall Rotunda since 1959. Despite a tragic end at the hands of the Hungarian big game hunter after whom the specimen was named, ‘Henry’ as he has been nicknamed, has become a treasured centrepiece of the Museum.

Museum of Natural History rotunda Washington
“Henry” takes centre stage in the Museum of Natural History rotunda Washington

His size alone makes this elephant remarkable, but a slug found in his left leg dates from the late 19th century, proving that Henry was nearly 100 years old when he was killed. (Henry now stands as a monument to why we need to ban poaching and hunting to protect this incredible species from extinction, or the only place we will be able to see creatures like this is in a museum.)

TIP: The Museum of Natural History is one of the most popular museums in Washington, so get there early, especially if you are visiting on a weekend. Even then, there will likely be a line but it does move quickly.

2. View the Whitehouse

White House North side at night Washington
Front of the White House at night

You can’t go to Washington and not see the White House. But be prepared: you’ll likely only get to see it from the outside and from behind fences, especially if you are a foreign visitor and especially these days.

TIP: U.S. Citizens can request tours through their government representative a minimum of 21 days in advance, but for the rest of us the doors to this House are closed at present.

South Lawn White House at night Washington DC
South lawn of the White House

Henk and I arrived in Washington on a Friday evening and since we were staying very close to the White House, we decided to walk over to check it out. Although we were barricaded from even getting close to the fences surrounding it, we did get a few photos of both the north and south sides of the White House. One surprising object that we did find when we walked to the south side was the Zero Milestone monument, a short pillar placed directly opposite the White House on the south side of East Street.

'Zero Milestone' marker Washington DC
The Zero Milestone from which all road distances in the U.S. were to have been measured.

The Zero Milestone is actually a stone block on top of which is placed a bronze 16-point compass marker. Inspired by Rome’s fabled Golden Milestone from which all roads in the Empire originated (hence the expression ‘all roads lead to Rome’), the marker was placed here in 1920 and was meant to be the point from which all U.S. road distances were measured. At present, however, only roads in the Washington D.C. area have distances measured from it.

3. Check Out the White House’s Neighbour: the Eisenhower Executive Building

The White House may get all the airtime, but to be honest, Henk and I were more blown away by the architectural extravagance of the Eisenhower Executive Office Building beside it.

Eisenhower Executive Building Washington DC
The Eisenhower Executive Office Building was tier-upon-tier of columns and porticos

Originally built between 1871 and 1888, this French Second Empire style building served as the State, War and Navy Department staff headquarters until 1939 when it was gradually taken over by White House staff. Even after it was first completed, the building design was controversial and was even described as ‘the greatest monstrosity in America’ by President Harry S. Truman (who nonetheless came to its defense when it was threatened with demolition in 1958.)

Eisenhower Executive Building at night Washington DC
The Eisenhower building from Pennsylvania Avenue

TIP: It’s impossible to miss the Eisenhower building if you are anywhere near the White House, as it dominates the corner of 17th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue.

4. See What’s On at The Renwick Gallery

Renwick Art Gallery Washington DC
The Renwick Gallery, the first Art Gallery built in Washington DC

While you’re in the neighbourhood of the Whitehouse, check out what’s on at another free Smithsonian institution, the Renwick Gallery. This gallery was Washington’s very first art museum and was actually saved from demolition by Jackie Kennedy who saw the value of preserving its history and architecture. Today the Renwick hosts exhibitions that showcase modern American craft and decorative arts. When we were visiting, we were lucky to catch a Burning Man exhibit with some of the interactive, immersive art pieces that have been installed in years past at Black Rock City in Nevada. (FYI, I am a little obsessed with Burning Man‘s creative concept and the art on display there.)

Hybycozo Art Installation Burning Man Exhibit Renwick Gallery
“Hybycozo” (Hyperspace Bypass Construction Zone) Art Installation in the Burning Man Exhibit

5. Visit the National Mall’s Memorials

It didn’t take me long to realize that Washington is a town dedicated to monuments and memorials, but until we actually visited the city and the National Mall in particular, I didn’t realize just how dedicated it is. But after taking in the Lincoln Memorial, Henk and I began to understand just how important these places are to the American psyche (sort of in the way the Parthenon was important to ancient Athens.)

Lincoln Memorial Photo courtesy washington.org
Lincoln Memorial *Photo courtesy washington.org

Architecturally, the Lincoln Memorial could almost be a modern-day Parthenon with its neoclassical style and huge scale. Constructed using materials sourced from states all around the country (to reflect U.S. unification) the stone edifice houses an enormous 19-foot statue of a seated Abraham Lincoln. No picture can really do justice to the size of this statue, as if ‘he’ were to stand, Lincoln would be close to 28 feet tall.

Statue of Lincoln at Memorial Washington DC
Lincoln would be 28 feet tall if standing

Flanking the statue are two porticos, on the walls of which are inscribed two of Lincoln’s most famous speeches – a testament to what an eloquent orator and visionary Lincoln was.

2nd Inaugural Address Lincoln Memorial
The text of Lincoln’s 2nd Inaugural Address at the Lincoln Memorial
Error in carving at Lincoln Memorial
There is an error in the carving: the ‘F’ in ‘Future’ was mistakenly carved as an ‘E’ and filled in later

To be honest, as impressive as the Lincoln Memorial was, I was a little taken aback by the references to ‘temple’ in the structure, and the air of worship that went with the place. After all, this was supposed to be honouring a man – a great man, yes – but infused with this degree of reverence, I half expected to find a gilt statue of a deity inside.
Then again, maybe we had…

6. Reflect at the War Memorials

Korean War Memorial Washington DC
Koren War Veterans Memorial in Washington DC.

Leaving the Lincoln Memorial, Henk and I stopped by to visit the Korean War Veterans Memorial, a modern and evocative installation of 19 stainless steel statues of soldiers representing a squad on patrol. Alongside these statues ‘slogging through the bush’ is a honed stone wall with ‘sandblasted’ photos of more troops etched into the stone.

Korean War Memorial etched figures on wall
Ghostly reflections of the soldiers in the wall of etched soldiers, Korean War Memorial

When the statues of the soldiers are reflected in this wall, the number appears to double to become 38, symbolically referencing the 38th parallel, which divides North and South Korea to this day. Beautifully designed and sensitively executed, I was really impressed by this particular memorial.

The National WWII Memorial is a very different installation, with a much more grandiose oval footprint that spans the width of the National Mall’s reflecting pool and encircles a large fountain. What I found more impactful than its pillars and bronze relief scenes of the war were the 4,048 gold stars on the Freedom Wall. Each star represents 100 Americans lost in the fighting, a staggering number even when represented at this 100-to-1 ratio.

WWII memorial stars Washington DC
Each star represents 100 American soldiers who died. There are 4,048 stars.

7. Find John Hancock’s ‘John Hancock’

Strolling along the National Mall, Henk and I were walking through the Constitution Gardens to try to get a photo of the Washington Monument when we came across another interesting installation: the names and signatures of the 56 men who signed the Declaration of Independence. And even though we aren’t American, the expression about signing your ‘John Hancock’ is one we use all the time, so we couldn’t resist taking a photo of this famous signature.

John Hancock signature Washington DC
The day wasn’t great for photography, but we couldn’t resist this one!

8. Check Out The Capitol Building

Jane at the Capitol Washington
Jane in front of the Capitol Building in Washington DC

The Capitol building is one of the most iconic landmarks in Washington – and the U.S. – and definitely worth visiting, even if all you do is admire it from the outside. But if you do go inside, there are guided tours you can take and some other self-guided exhibits that show how the city of Washington has changed over the decades. You can also learn how the impressive Dome was constructed: I was shocked to learn that it is actually constructed of cast iron!

The U.S. Capitol Building Washington DC
Rear view of the Capitol Building

The main Exhibition Hall inside the Capitol Building also houses the plaster model of the 19-foot tall Statue of Freedom that was used to cast the bronze version that sits outside on top of that famous Dome. One interesting detail that you can see here is the brooch that gathers her dress which has the initials US (for United States).

Statue of Freedom Exhibition Hall Capitol Bldg Washington
Plaster model used to cast the bronze Statue of Freedom (Exhibition Hall of the Capitol Building in Washington)

Fun Fact: The Capitol Building may be the home of the US Senate and Congress, but many people actually confuse it with the actual ‘home’ of the sitting President, the White House.

9. Stroll the Streets of Georgetown

If all of these super-sized monuments and memorials are leaving you feeling a little overwhelmed and under-sized, head to Georgetown for a more relaxed, human-scaled part of Washington. One of the most popular and oldest residential neighbourhoods in the city, Georgetown has the kind of tree-lined cobblestoned streets and 18th and 19th century homes that make architecture and history lovers drool.

Georgetown DC Instagram images
*Photo from officialgeorgetowndc Instagram feed

Shoppers will love strolling M Street near Wisconsin Avenue where you’ll find all kinds of boutiques, cafes and restaurants, and since this is close to the Georgetown University campus, there’s always a lot of activity on the streets.

10. Climb the Exorcist Steps

Washington and Georgetown in particular is known for its ghost tours, and Henk and I almost booked one, but the weather turned and the forecast called for a night of pouring rain. Rather than abandon our spooky plan altogether, we opted instead to check out one of the more modern ‘horror’ sites in Georgetown: the ‘Exorcist Steps’.

The Exorcist Steps Georgetown Washington
“The Exorcist Steps” in Georgetown Washington have actually been declared an Historic Landmark

This steep stone staircase is tucked into a narrow space between a gas station lot and a warehouse close to Francis Scott Key Memorial Bridge, and connects Prospect Street above to Canal Road below. A popular shortcut for students to use during the day, at night the stairs take on a more sinister aspect, as this was the movie location where one of the most climactic scenes from The Exorcist was filmed: Father Damien throws himself out a window and falls to his death down the stairs (the stairs were padded for the stuntman who did the actual tumbling).

Where to Eat in Washington, DC

Georgetown: If you’re in Georgetown, definitely stop into J. Paul’s, a self-described ‘quintessentially American Dining Saloon’. What this means for diners is an affordable menu filled with great burgers, ribs, comfort food and pub fare, as well as signature craft brews to wash it all down.

J.Pauls restaurant wings Georgetown Washington
Wings and cornbread at J. Pauls restaurant in Georgetown

The historic building is over 100 years old, the ambience is all dark wood and coffered ceilings, and the iconic bar came from an establishment in the Chicago stockyards that Al Capone was rumoured to frequent.

J.Paul's restaurant Georgetown Washingotn
The historic ‘Al Capone’ bar originally from Chicago is now at J.Paul’s in Georgetown

Downtown: In the heart of Washington’s bureaucratic ‘action’ is an excellent Thai restaurant that Henk and I found called Soi 38. The owners are originally from Bangkok, and have brought an upscale version of Thai street market food to Washington with this restaurant (the name comes from an iconic street food district). Obviously popular with the after-work white collar crowd, Soi 38 was the perfect choice for a cosmopolitan dinner with an unexpectedly welcoming ambiance (given the neighbourhood is dominated by office towers.)

Khao Pad Sapparod Soi 38 Restaurant Washington
“Khao Pad Sapparod” at Soi 38 Thai Restaurant Washington

Near the Whitehouse: Three blocks west of the White House is Founding Farmers, an award-winning farm-to-table restaurant that is owned by a collective of 40,000+ farmers who also supply the food for the kitchens. The food here is made from scratch, as are the signature drinks which come from their own distillery.

Where to Stay on a Weekend Getaway to Washington DC

Map of Washington DC sights
Club Quarters is at the centre/top of this map. Red dots indicate some of the sites we visited.

Henk and I wanted to be right downtown within walking distance of the White House, so we chose Club Quarters, which delivered on location and then some. Functional if not fanciful, our room was a decent size, and relatively affordable (standard rooms range from $120 – $240 U.S. depending on the season). There was a metro stop practically at the front door, and a parking garage around the corner where we could leave the car (discounted rate with the hotel booking). For breakfast options there was a restaurant (Cafe Soleil) in the same building, (service was slow, however), but across the street was a Pain Quotidien bakery/cafe which Henk and I preferred. A popular chain known for its communal tables and home made breads, they are also very patient if you want to linger over your latte!

Other Accommodation Options: Why not stay in Alexandria, Virginia? Yes it sounds like you are in another state (because you are), but this is literally just across the bridge from Washington. At least 20% cheaper than D.C. when it comes to their hotel rates, Alexandria offers direct access to the city via metro, so you can leave the car behind while you tour Washington’s sites, and return to stay in the historic town of Alexandria, which is absolutely charming.

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